- Do not add salt to your food during cooking or at the table. Use spices instead.
- Do not drink water treated by a water softener.
- Avoid salty convenience foods and fast foods. These foods have a lot of salt added during preparation.
- Buy fresh foods; they are usually low in salt.
- Read the labels on packaged foods to find foods low in salt. (NOTE: You may see the symbol “Na” instead of the word sodium.)
- Before using a potassium-containing salt substitute, ask the doctor if it is safe for you.
- Do not use baking soda as an antacid. It is high in sodium.
- Many over-the-counter medications contain sodium; ask a pharmacist before purchasing if these medications are low in sodium.
- Before traveling to a very hot climate, ask your doctor if you should continue your salt restriction while you are away.
Low sodium diets are healthy for most people and are required by patients with high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, and kidney disease. Listed below are basic guidelines you can follow to easily reduce the sodium in your diet.